Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Biscayne Bay Plants and their chemical compounds - DUE FRIDAY FEBRUARY 25

1. Find 5 examples of Biscayne Bay plants and their chemical composition. Use the following engines: 
http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/, search by species 

2. Recognize 5 poisonous plants in Florida and components. Use the following engines: 

In order to search the chemical compositions at http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/, follow these steps:
Plant Searches
  • Chemicals and activities in a particular plant. 
  • Search by common or scientific name
  • Click on submit query
  • Then, check the boxes "Search based on non-ubiquitous chemicals only.", Print activities with chemicals." and "Include full references at end of document."
  • Finally, click on "submit query"

20 comments:

  1. Poisonous Plants:
    Pokeweed: Oleanolic acid
    Catharanthus roseus: Kaempferol
    Chinaberry: Scopoletin
    Hemlock: Caffeic-Acid
    Poison Ivy: Kaempferol

    ReplyDelete
  2. Jullian Ileto
    Period 7
    2/23/11
    Plants in Biscayne Bay
    1) Star Grass
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    2)Horseweed
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    3)Prickly Pear
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    4) Castor Bean
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    5) Coconut Palm
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    Poisonous Plants
    1)Rosy Periwinkle
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Can be lethal because of Adenosine in the leaf which can cause Arrythmia

    2)Milkweed
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Can be lethal due to Nicotine

    3)Ponsettia
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Contains Cyanide

    4)Culebra
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Contains Atropine which can kill and causes anticholinergic toxidrome

    5)Oleander
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Contains BETULINIC-ACID which is cytotoxic and attacks cells.

    ReplyDelete
  3. 1) *Bidens Pilosa- Asteraceae- Phynel, Hepta, Triyne
    *Goatweed- Hypericum perforatum- epicatechin
    *Horseweed- Conyza canadensis- alpha-spinosterol
    *Wild Indigo- Tephrosia purpurea- betulinic acid
    *Prickly Poppy- Argemone mexicana- alkaloids

    2) *Alfalfa- Medicago sativa- dimethoxy, hydroxy coumestin
    *Buckwheat- Fagopyrum esculentum- dihydroxy, piperdinomethanol
    *Avocado- Persea americana- trihydroxyheptadeca
    *Chives- Allium schoenoprasum- feruloyl beta d glucose
    *Poison Ivy- Rhus toxicodendron- fisetin

    ReplyDelete
  4. Angelica Ruiz
    Period 7
    2/24/11

    1. Juniper leaf: acetic acid. Florida Keys black bean: apigenin. Common plaintain: hydroxytryptamine. Prickly pear: kaempferol. Star grass: diosgenin.

    2. Milkweed: nicotine. Oleander: quercetin. Poinsettia pulcherrima: caffeic acid. Pokeweed: oleanolic acid. Castorbean: hyperoside.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Period 2

    Part 1:

    Dwarf Banana. Chemical Composition: Cellulose; Lignin; Starch

    Guava. Chemical Composition: Polyphenols.

    Mango. Chemical Composition: Pairi, Alphonse, Totapar

    Papaya. Chemical Composition: some toxicants, sugar composition, mineral content, physico-chemical properties of the seed oil and the fatty acid spectrum of the seed oil.

    Marsh Parsley. Chemical Composition: vitamins A, C, and E and volatile oil.

    Part 2
    Guava, or Psidium guajava.
    Poisonous Plants a part of this are LIMONENE, GALLIC-ACID, CITRAL, DELTA-CADINENE, and BENZALDEHYDE.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Gabriella Elmir
    Period: # 2

    5 examples of Biscayne Bay plants and their chemical composition:
    1. Red Mangrove _Chemical Composition: CAROTENE, CATECHIN-TANNINS, GUM and TANNIC-ACID
    2. Spider Lily _ Chemical Composition: 2-(4-HYDROXY-BENZYL)-MALIC-ACID, CHRYSANTHEMIN ,CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE ,CYANIDIN-3-SAMBUBIOSIDE, LYCORAMINE ,LYCOREMINE ,LYCORENINE ,LYCORICYANINCHLORIDE ,LYCORINE ,LYCORISINE ,NORPLUVIINE ,PHLORACETOPHENOTRIMETHYLETHER ,PLUVIINE, PRETAZETTINE ,PSEUDOLYCORINE ,RADIATINE ,SEKISANINE,SQUAMIGERINE ,SUISENINE ,TAZETTINE , and VITTATINE
    3. Goatweed _Chemical Composition: (+)-EPICATECHIN, BRENZCATECHIN ,CADINENE ,CAROTENE,CAROTENOIDS ,CARYOPHYLLENE ,CINEOLE ,CIS-TROLLIXANTHIN ,PROTOHYPERICIN ,PROTOPSEUDOHYPERICIN ,PROVITAMIN-A, PSEUDOHYPERICIN ,PSEUDOHYPERICODIHYDROANTHRONE ,PYROGALLOL ,QUERCETIN ,QUERCITRIN ,RESORCYNOL ,RUTIN ,SAPONIN,TANNINS ,TROLLICHROME , and VIOLAXANTHIN
    4. Chinese hibiscus _Chemical Composition: CYANIDIN-3-SOPHOROSIDE ,CYANIDIN-CHLORIDE ,CYANIDIN-DIGLUCOSIDE ,HENTRIACONTANE ,METHYL-10-OXO-11-OCTADECYNOATE ,METHYL-8-OXO-9-OCTADECYNOATE and ,QUERCETIN
    5. Coatbuttons _Chemical Composition: CAO ,FUMARIC-ACID ,GLUCOLUTEOLIN , ISOQUERCETIN ,K2O,LUTEOLIN ,MGO ,P2O5 , and QUERCETIN
    5 poisonous plants in Florida and components:

    1. Oleander _Chemical Composition: 16-ANHYDRO-DEACETYL-NERIGOSIDE,9-D-HYDROXY-CIS-12-OCTADECANOIC-ACID ,ADIGOSIDE ,ADYNERIN ,ALPHA-AMYRIN ,BETULINIC-ACID ,CAMPESTEROL ,CAOUTCHOUC ,CAPRIC-ACID ,CAPRYLIC-ACID ,CORNERIN ,CORTENERIN ,DEACETYLOLEANDRIN ,DIACETYL-NERIGOSIDE ,FOLIANDRIN ,FOLINERIN ,GENTIOBIOSYLOLEANDRIN , ,QUERCETIN ,QUERCETRIN-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE ,QUERCITRIN ,ROSAGININ ,STROSPESIDE ,UREHITOXIN ,URSOLIC-ACID , and UZARIGENIN
    2. Poinsettia _Chemical Composition: 2-METHYLANTHRAQUINONE ,ALPHA,GAMMA-DIAMINOBUTYRIC-ACID ,ALPHA-AMYRIN ,BETA-AMYRIN,BETA-SITOSTEROL-D-GLUCOSIDE ,CAFFEIC-ACID ,CAMPESTEROL ,CYANIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE ,CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE ,CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE ,CYCLOARTENOL ,DECA-2,4,6-TRIENOIC-ACID ,DIHYDROBRASSICASTEROL , ,OCTAEICOSANOL ,PELARGONIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE, PELARGONIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE ,PELARGONIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE ,PSEUDOTARAXASTEROL ,PULCHEROL ,QUERCETIN-3'-GLUCOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-0-GALACTOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-O-RHAMNOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOSYL-GALACTOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOSYL-GLUCOSIDE , and RUTIN
    3. Rosary Pea _Chemical Composition: (+)-ABRINE ,ABRALINE ,ABRASINE ,ABRICIN,ABRIN ,ABRISIN,ABRUSGENIC-ACID ,ABRUSGENIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER ,ABRUSLACTONE ,ABRUSSIC-ACID ,CAMPESTEROL ,CYCLOARTENOL ,DELPHINIDIN ,GALLIC-ACID ,GLYCYRRHIZIN,HYPAPHORINE ,N,N-DIMETHYL-TRYPTOPHAN ,N,N-DIMETHYL-TRYPTOPHAN-METHO-CATION-METHYL-ESTER ,P-COUMAROYLGALLOYL-GLUCODELPHINIDIN ,PENTOSANS ,PICATORINE,POLYGALACTURONIC-ACIDS ,PRECASINE,PRECATORINE , and TRIGONELLINE
    4. Poison Ivy _Chemical Composition: FISETIN ,GALLOTANNIC-ACID ,GALLOTANNIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER ,HENEICOSANDICARBONIC-ACID ,KAEMPFEROL ,MYRICETIN ,QUERCETIN ,TANNINS ,URUSHENOL , and URUSHIOL
    5. Glory Lily _Chemical Composition: 2-DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE ,2-DEMETHYLLUMICOLCHICINE ,3-DESMETHYLCOLCHICINE ,6-METHOXY-SALICYLIC-ACID ,BENZOIC-ACID,BETA-LUMICOLCHICONE ,CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID ,COLCHICINE ,DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE ,GAMMA-RESORCYLIC-ACID-MONOMETHYL-ETHER ,GLORIOSINE ,GLORIOSOL,PHYTOSTEROLS , and SALICYLIC-ACID

    ReplyDelete
  7. Enmanuel Espinales
    Period 2
    2/24/11
    1)Lolium temulentum:
    FRUCTOSANS
    GELATINASE
    LABENZYME
    LOLIINE
    PERLOLINE
    PROTEIN
    STARCH
    TEMULENTIN
    TEMULENTINIC-ACID
    TEMULINE

    2)Atropa bella-donna:
    ALKALOIDS
    APOATROPINE
    ASPARAGINE
    ATROPAMINE
    ATROPINE
    BELLADONNINE
    BELLARIDINE
    CUSCOHYGRINE
    DELTA-N-METHYLORNITHINE
    ESCULETIN
    HELLARADINE
    HOMATROPINE
    HYOSCYAMINE
    LEUKATROPINIC-ACID
    METELOIDINE
    METHYL-PYRROLINE METHYLPYRROLIDINE
    NICOTINE
    NORATROPINE
    NORHYOSCYAMINE
    PHYTOSTEROLS
    PYRIDINE
    SCOPINE
    SCOPOLAMINE
    SCOPOLETIN
    TROPACOCAINE
    TROPINE
    UMBELLIFERONE

    3)Ilex verticillata :
    BETULIN

    4)Kalanchoe spathulata:
    AFZELIN
    CAMPESTEROL
    FRIEDELIN
    GLUTINOL
    KAEMPFEROL
    PATULETIN
    QUERCETIN
    TARAXEROL

    5)Cicuta maculata :
    CICUTINE

    ReplyDelete
  8. Gabriel San Roman
    Period 7
    2/28/11

    Poisonous Biscayne Plants
    1. Rosy Periwinkle: Adenosine
    2. Poison Ivy: Fisetin
    3. Ponsettia: Cyanide
    4. Culebra: Atrophine
    5. Pokeweed: Oleanolic acid

    ReplyDelete
  9. Camila A. Diaz
    P-7

    POISONOUS
    1) Pokeweed
    poisonous because contains phytolaccatoxin and phytolaccigenin (can be eaten by birds)
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    2) Oleander
    Whole plant is toxic but "most significant of these toxins are oleandrin and neriine, which are cardiac glycosides"
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    3) Milkweed
    Contain alkaloids, latex, cardenolides, and more
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    4) Castorbean
    due to ricin
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    5) Aglaonema aroid
    4-KETO-3'HYDROXYLYCOPENE, ALPHA-CAROTENE, DELTA-CAROTENE, GAMMA-CAROTENE, LUTEIN, LYCOPENE, LYCOXANTHIN, VIOLAXANTHIN

    BISCAYNE BAY
    1) Red Mangrove
    CAROTENE, CATECHIN-TANNINS, GUM, TANNIC-ACID

    2) Star Grass
    ALKALOIDS, DIOSGENIN, SAPONIN

    3) Coatbuttons
    CAO, FUMARIC-ACID, GLUCOLUTEOLIN, ISOQUERCETIN, K2O, LUTEOLIN, MGO, P2O5
    QUERCETIN

    4) Goatweed
    (+)-EPICATECHIN, BRENZCATECHIN, CADINENE, CAROTENE, CAROTENOIDS, CARYOPHYLLENE, CERYL-ALCOHOL, CINEOLE, CIS-TROLLIXANTHIN EMODINANTHRANOL, EPICATECHIN, FLAVONOIDS, GURJUNENE, HYPERFORIN
    HYPERICINS, HYPERICODIHYDROANTHRONE, HYPERIN, HYPEROSIDE
    IMANIN, ISOHYPERICIN, ISOQUERCITRIN, ISOVALERIC-ACID-ESTER
    LIMONENE, LUTEIN, LUTEOXANTHIN, MANNITOL, METHYL-2-OCTANE
    MYRCENE, N-DECANAL, N-NONANE, N-OCTANOL, NOVOIMANIN, PHENOL
    PHLOBAPHENE, PHLOROGLUCINOL, PHYTOSTEROLS, PINENE, PROTOHYPERICIN
    PROTOPSEUDOHYPERICIN, PROVITAMIN-A, PSEUDOHYPERICIN
    PSEUDOHYPERICODIHYDROANTHRONE, PYROGALLOL, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN
    RESORCYNOL , RUTIN, SAPONIN, TANNINS, TROLLICHROME, VIOLAXANTHIN

    5) Butterweed
    ALPHA-SPINOSTEROL, APIGENIN, CAFFEIC-ACID, CITRAL, CITRONELLAL, D-LIMONENE
    DIPENTENE, DL-TERPINEOL, GALLIC-ACID, LINALOL, MATRICARIA-METHYL-ESTER
    TANNIC-ACID, TERPINYL-ACETATE, VANILLIC-ACID

    ReplyDelete
  10. Broderick
    Period 7


    Poisonous Plants:
    1) Brugmansia-Chemicals include:
    ALKALOIDS
    ATROPINE
    SCOPLOMANINE
    2) Oleander-Chemicals include:
    9-D-HYDROXY-CIS-12-OCTADECANOIC-ACID
    ADIGOSIDE
    ALKALOIDS
    BETULIN
    BETULINIC-ACID
    CAMPESTEROL
    CAPRIC-ACID
    CAPRYLIC-ACID
    CORNERIN
    DEACETYLOLEANDRIN
    DIACETYL-NERIGOSIDE
    FOLIANDRIN
    FOLINERIN
    GITOXIGENIN
    HCN
    ISOQUERCITRIN
    KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE
    NERIANTHIN
    NERIGOSIDE
    NERIIN
    NERITALOSIDE
    ODOROBIOSIDE
    ODOROSIDE-A
    ODOROSIDE-H
    ODOROTRIOSIDE
    OLEAGENIN
    OLEANDOMYCIN
    OLEANDRIN
    OLEANOLIC-ACID
    OLEASIDES
    PHYTOSTEROLS
    PSEUDOCURAMINE
    QUERCETIN
    QUERCETRIN-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE
    QUERCITRIN
    ROSAGININ
    RUTIN
    UREHITOXIN
    URSOLIC-ACID
    UZARIGENIN

    1) Pokeweed- Chemicals included:
    3-ACETYLALEURITOLIC-ACID
    3-ACETYLOLEANOLIC-ACID
    3-OXO-3-CARBOMETHOXY-24-NOROLEAN-12-EN-29-OIC-ACID
    ALKALOIDS
    ALPHA-SPINASTEROL
    AMERICANIN
    ANTHOCYANIN
    ASCORBIC-ACID
    ASTRAGALIN
    BETANIN
    CAFFEIC-ALDEHYDE
    CALCIUM
    CALCIUM-OXALATE
    CARBOHYDRATES
    ESCULENTIC-ACID
    FAT
    FRUCTOSE
    GLUCOSE
    GUM
    HEMICELLULOSE
    IRON
    ISOBETANINE
    ISOPREBETANINE
    ISOQUERCITRIN
    JALIGONIC-ACID
    NIACIN
    OLEANOLIC-ACID
    OXYMYRISTIC-ACID
    PAP(=POKEWEED-ANTIVIRAL-PROTEIN)
    PHOSPHORUS
    PHYTOLACCAGENIC-ACID
    PHYTOLACCAGENIN
    PHYTOLACCANIN
    PHYTOLACCASAPONINS
    PHYTOLACCASIDE
    PHYTOLACCATOXIN
    PHYTOLACCIN
    PHYTOLACCINIC-ACID
    PHYTOLACCOGENIC-ACID
    POKEBERRYGENIN
    POKEWEED-ANTIVIRAL-PROTEIN
    PREBETANINE
    PROTEIN
    QUERCETIN-3-L-ARABINO-7-D-GLUCOSIDE
    RESIN
    RIBOFLAVIN
    STARCH
    TANNIN
    THIAMIN
    WATER
    XYLOSE

    4) Jatropha- Chemicals Include:
    7-KETO-BETA-SITOSTEROL
    ALPHA-AMYRIN
    ARABINOSE
    BETA-AMYRIN
    BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE
    BETA-SITOSTEROL-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE
    CAMPESTEROL
    CURCIN
    CURCUSONES
    DULCITOL
    ISOVITEXIN
    N-1-TRIACONTANOL
    RAFFINOSE
    STACHYOSE
    STIGMAST-5-ENE-3-BETA-7-ALPHA-DIOL
    STIGMAST-5-ENE-3-BETA-7-BETA-DIOL
    TARAXASTEROL
    VITEXIN

    5) Milkweed- Chemicals Include:
    11-OCTADECENOIC-ACID
    9,12-HEXADECADIENOIC-ACID
    9-HEXADECENOIC-ACID
    ALPHA-AMYRIN
    ASCLEPIADIN
    BETA-AMYRIN
    BETA-AMYRIN-ACETATE
    CAOUTCHOUC DUKE1992A
    CINNAMIC-ACID
    CINNAMIC-ACID-CARDENOLIDE-ESTER
    CONDURANGIN
    CYMAROSE
    DESGLUCOUZARIN
    NICOTINE
    POLYPHENOLS
    SYRIOBIOSIDE
    SYRIOGENIN
    UZARIGENIN
    XYSMALOGENIN

    ReplyDelete
  11. Michael Parrott

    Plants in Biscayne Bay
    1. Boxwood-isochondodendrine
    2. ferns-benzoic acid
    3. prickly pear- histamine
    4. horseweed-citronella
    5. castorbean-chlorogenic acid

    Poisonous plants

    1. Milkweed- nicotine
    2. oleander- cornerin
    3. poinsettia-cyanide
    4. hemlock- caffeic acid
    5. poison ivy- kaempferol

    ReplyDelete
  12. Benjamin Bax
    Period 2

    Poinsettia:
    Caffeic Acid (carcinogenic, sedative)
    Rutin (insecticide, mutagen, pesticide)
    Jatropha:
    Apigenin (mutagen, choleretic, sedative)
    Jatrophone (cytotoxic)
    Brugmansia amesianum:
    Atropine (paralytic, choleretic, neurotoxic, tumorigenic)
    Scopolamine (amnesigenic, hypnotic, cardiodepressant, bronchodilator)
    Hemlock:
    Caffeic Acid (carcinogenic, sedative)
    Chlorogenic Acid (aldose-reductase inhibitor)
    Coniine (paralytic)
    Oleander
    Alpha-Amyrin (cytotoxic)
    Betulinic Acid (cytotoxin)
    Quercetin (cytotoxin, carcinogenic)
    Ursolic Acid (cytotoxin)

    ReplyDelete
  13. Mariana Gaviria
    Per.7

    Plants in Biscayne Bay
    1.Woodland false buttonweed, Spermacoce assurgens : ALKALOIDS
    2.Cuban jute, Sida rhombifolia: ALKALOIDS, EPHEDRINE, MUCILAGE, SAPONIN
    3.Creeping daisy, Wedelia trilobata : 15-ANGELOYLOXYKAUR-16-EN-19-OIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, 3ALPHA-ANGELOYLOXYKAUR-16-EN-19-OIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, 3ALPHA-CINNAMOYLOXYKAUR-16-EN-19-OIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, 3ALPHA-TIGLOYLOXYKAUR-16-EN-19-OIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, 6-ANGELOYLOXYTRILOBOLIDE, 6-METHYL-PROPANOYLTRILOBOLIDE, SIMSIOLIDE, WEDELIASECOKAURENOLIDE
    4.Coatbuttons, Tridax procumbens : CAO, FUMARIC-ACID, GLUCOLUTEOLIN, ISOQUERCETIN, LUTEOLIN, MGO, P2O5, QUERCETIN
    5.Chinese hibiscus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis: CYANIDIN-3-SOPHOROSIDE, CYANIDIN-CHLORIDE, CYANIDIN-DIGLUCOSIDE, HENTRIACONTANE, METHYL-10-OXO-11-OCTADECYNOATE, METHYL-8-OXO-9-OCTADECYNOATE, QUERCETIN

    Poisonous Plants
    1. Oleander: 16-ANHYDRO-DEACETYL-NERIGOSIDE,9-D-HYDROXY-CIS-12-OCTADECANOIC-ACID ,ADIGOSIDE ,ADYNERIN ,ALPHA-AMYRIN, BETULINIC-ACID, CAMPESTEROL, CAOUTCHOUC ,CAPRIC-ACID ,CAPRYLIC-ACID ,CORNERIN, CORTENERIN ,DEACETYLOLEANDRIN ,DIACETYL-NERIGOSIDE,FOLINERIN,GENTIOBIOSYLOLEANDRIN , ,QUERCETIN ,QUERCETRIN-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE ,QUERCITRIN ,ROSAGININ ,STROSPESIDE,UREHITOXIN, URSOLIC-ACID, UZARIGENIN
    2. Poinsettia: 2-METHYLANTHRAQUINONE ,ALPHA,GAMMA-DIAMINOBUTYRIC-ACID, ALPHA-AMYRIN ,BETA-AMYRIN,BETA-SITOSTEROL-D-GLUCOSIDE ,CAFFEIC-ACID,CAMPESTEROL ,CYANIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE,CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE ,CYANIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE ,CYCLOARTENOL ,DECA-2,4,6-TRIENOIC-ACID,DIHYDROBRASSICASTEROL, OCTAEICOSANOL ,PELARGONIDIN-3-GALACTOSIDE,PELARGONIDIN-3-RUTINOSIDE, PSEUDOTARAXASTEROL ,PULCHEROL ,QUERCETIN-3'-GLUCOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-0-GALACTOSIDE,QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOSYL-GALACTOSIDE ,QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOSYL-GLUCOSIDE ,RUTIN
    3. Rosary Pea: (+)-ABRINE ,ABRALINE ,ABRASINE, ABRICIN,ABRIN, ABRISIN, ABRUSGENIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, ABRUSLACTONE, ABRUSSIC-ACID ,CAMPESTEROL,CYCLOARTENOL ,DELPHINIDIN, GALLIC-ACID,GLYCYRRHIZIN,HYPAPHORINE ,N,N-DIMETHYL-TRYPTOPHAN ,N,N-DIMETHYL-TRYPTOPHAN-METHO-CATION-METHYL-ESTER ,P-COUMAROYLGALLOYL-GLUCODELPHINIDIN ,PENTOSANS,PICATORINE,POLYGALACTURONIC-ACIDS,PRECASINE,PRECATORINE, TRIGONELLINE
    4. Poison Ivy: FISETIN ,GALLOTANNIC-ACID ,GALLOTANNIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER, HENEICOSANDICARBONIC-ACID ,KAEMPFEROL ,MYRICETIN ,QUERCETIN ,TANNINS, URUSHENOL, URUSHIOL
    5. Glory Lily: 2-DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE ,2-DEMETHYLLUMICOLCHICINE ,3-DESMETHYLCOLCHICINE ,6-METHOXY-SALICYLIC-ACID ,BENZOIC-ACID,BETA-LUMICOLCHICONE ,CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID ,COLCHICINE ,DEMETHYLCOLCHICINE, GAMMA-RESORCYLIC-ACID-MONOMETHYL-ETHER ,GLORIOSINE, GLORIOSOL,PHYTOSTEROLS, SALICYLIC-ACID

    ReplyDelete
  14. Bryan Ibarra
    p7
    2/27/11

    1)plants in south florida
    -Goatweed:MYRCENE
    -Horseweed:CINNAMIC-ACID
    -Castor Bean:EDESTINE
    -Wild Indigo:RUTIN
    -Spider Lily:RADIATINE
    2)poisonous plants
    -brugmasia:APIGENIN
    -oleander:ATROPHINE
    -milkweed:NICOTINE
    -jatropha:VITEXIN
    -catharanthus:YOHIMBINE

    ReplyDelete
  15. Find 5 examples of Biscayne Bay plants and their chemical composition:
    o Coconut Palm- Cocos nucifera- P-HYDROXY- BENZOIC-ACID; FERULIC-ACID; GABA
    o Aloe Vera- Aloe barbadensis- ALOE-EMODIN; ANTHRAQUINONES; CINNAMIC-ACID; COUMARIN
    o Brazilian Pepper- Schinus terebinthifolius- KAEMPFEROL; MYRICETIN; QUERCETIN
    o Hyacinth Orchid- Dipodium punctatum- D-GLUCOSE; D-MANNOSE; GLUCOMANNAN; MUCILAGE
    o Mango- Mangifera indica- ALPHA-PINENE; GABA; GALLIC-ACID; GERANIOL

    Recognize poisonous plants in Florida and components
    o Wild Balsam Apple- Echinopepon wrightii- Elaterium; prophetin; ecballin
    • Elaterium is an energetic hydragogue cathartic; it causes vomiting, griping pain, and profuse diarrhea
    o Poison Hemlock- Conium maculatum- CAFFEIC-ACID; CHLOROGENIC-ACID; DIOSMIN
    • Coniine causes tremors, ataxia, and seizures salivation, mydriasis, and diaphoresis. In severe cases, acetylcholine (nicotinic) receptor antagonism develops. This leads to bradycardia, ascending paralysis, and CNS depression (coma). Death is typically from respiratory failure.
    o Avocado- Persea Americana-ANETHOLE; CAFFEIC-ACID; CHLOROGENIC-ACID
    • This is Hepatotoxic meaning it can cause chemical-driven liver damage.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Nati Gilbert, Period 2
    1. Five Examples of Biscayne Bay plants:

    - Spider Lily: chemical composition:
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    - Prickly Pear: chemical composition:
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    - Star Grass: chemical composition:
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    - Horseweed: chemical composition:
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    - Castor Bean: chemical composition:
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    2. Five poisonous plants in Florida:

    - Black Cherry: its has hydrocyanic acid
    - Grass Pea: it has beta-N-oxalylamino-L-alanine
    - Moonseed: it has acutumine
    - Penciltree: it has 4-deoxyingenol
    - Purple Cockle: it has githagin

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  17. Meredith Lee
    Period 4

    Biscayne Bay Plants
    -Star grass: diosgenin, saponin,alkaloids
    -Aloe Vera: Anthraquinones, coumarin
    -Goatweed: Epicatechin,Brencatechin, Carotene
    -Mango:Pairi, Alphonse, Totapar
    -Spider Lily: Chrysanthemin

    Poisonous--
    Oleander: Atrophine
    Milkweed: Nicotine
    Hemlock: Caffeic-Acid, Diosmin
    Poison Ivy: Kaempferol, Fisetin
    Castorbean: hyperoside

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  18. Alexa Gonzalez
    Honors Biology
    Period 2

    1. Five Examples of Biscayne Bay plants:

    Horseweed: Chemical Compostion:
    apigenin
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Guava: Chemical Compostion:
    2ALPHA-HYDROXYURSOLIC-ACID
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Mango: Chemical Composition:
    2-octene
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Papaya: Chemical Composition:
    ALKALOIDS
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl
    Key Lime: Chemical Composition:
    ALPHA-PINENE
    http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

    2. Five poisonous plants in Florida:

    Brugmansia:it has ATROPINE
    http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/mi10/mi10071.jpg
    Carissagrandiflora:http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/mi10/mi10080.jpg
    Catharnanthus roseus:it has AJMALICINE
    http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/mi09/mi09092.jpg
    Jatropha:it has ALPHA-AMYRIN
    http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/SC01/SC01026.JPG
    Dipladena:http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/mi10/mi10082.jpg

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  19. Aliya Habib P2
    %% 5 Poisonous Plants In Florida %%
    http://miamipoisoncenter.org/x35.xml
    -1-Arrowhead.
    -2-Oleander.
    -3- Rosary Pea.
    -4-Glory Lily.
    -5-Poinsettia.
    %% 5 Poinsonous Plants In Biscayne Bay %%
    -1-Red Mangrove-1-
    ASH,BORON,CALCIUM,CARBOHYDRATES,CAROTENE,CATECHINTANNINS,CHLOROPHYLL,CHOLINE,COBALT,COPPER,FAT,FIBER,FOLACIN,GUM,IODINE,IRON,MAGNESIUM,MANGANESE,NIACIN,PANTOTHENIC,PHOSPHORUS,POTASSIUM,PROTEIN,RIBOFLAVIN,SODIUM,SULFUR,TANNIC,TANNIN,THIAMIN,WATER,XANTHOPHYLLS,ZINC
    -2-SPIDER LILY-2-
    HYDROXY-BENZYL)-MALIC-ACID,CHRYSANTHEMIN,CYANIDIN,CYANIDIN,DEMETHYLHOMOLYCORINE,DEMETHYLLYCORAMINE,ETHYLRADIATINE,FRUCTANE,FRUCTOSE,GALANTHAMINE,GLUCOSE,HAEMANTHAMINE,HAEMANTHIDINE,HIGANBANAMANNAN,HIPPEASTRINE,HOMOLYCORINE,LYCORAMINE,LYCOREMINE,LYCORENINE,LYCORICYANINCHLORIDE,LYCORINE,LYCORISINE,NORPLUVIINE,PHLORACETOPHENOTRIMETHYLETHER,PLUVIINE,PRETAZETTINE,PSEUDOLYCORINE,RADIATINE,SEKISANINE,SEKISANOLINE,SQUAMIGERINE,STARCH,SUCROSE,SUISENINE,TAZETTINE,VITTATINE
    -3-Chinese Hibiscus-3-
    ASCORBIC-ACID ,BETA-CAROTENE, CALCIUM, CYANIDIN-3-,SOPHOROSIDECYANIDIN-CHLORIDE,
    CYANIDIN-DIGLUCOSIDE ,FAT, FIBER, HENTRIACONTANE, IRONKILOCALORIES METHYL-10-OXO-11-OCTADECYNOATE METHYL, OCTADECYNOATE, NIACIN NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, QUERCETIN ,RIBOFLAVIN, THIAMIN, WATER
    -4-Goatweed-4-
    (+)-EPICATECHINASCORBIC-ACID BRENZCATECHIN CADINENECADMIUMCAROTENE CAROTENOIDS CARYOPHYLLENECERYL-ALCOHOLCHLOROPHYLLCHOLINE CINEOLE ,CIS-TROLLIXANTHIN EMODINANTHRANOL.EPICATECHIN
    FAT,FLAVONOIDS,GURJUNENE ,HYPERFORIN ,HYPERICINS ,HYPERICODIHYDROANTHRONE ,HYPERIN ,HYPEROSIDE IMANIN ISOHYPERICIN ISOQUERCITRIN ISOVALERIC-ACID-ESTER LEAD LIMONENELUTEIN,LUTEOXANTHIN MANNITOL METHYLMYRCENE MYRISTIC-ACID N-DECANAL N-NONANE N-OCTANOL NOVOIMANIN PALMITIC-ACID PECTIN PHENOLPHLOBAPHENE PHLOROGLUCINOL,PHYTOSTEROLS PINENEPROTEIN PROTOHYPERICIN PROTOPSEUDO HYPERICINPROVITAMIN PSEUDOHYPERICIN PSEUDOHYPERICODIHYDROANTHRONE PYROGALLOL QUERCETIN QUERCITRIN RESORCYNOL RUTIN SAPONIN SITOSTEROL STEARIC-ACID TANNINS TROLLICHROME VIOLAXANTHIN
    -5-Castor Bean-5-
    DIMETHOXY,DIHYDROXY-COUMARIN LUPAN,DIHYDROXY METHOXY-COUMARIN DIOXYSTEARIC-ACID AGMATINE ALBUMIN ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Oil AMYLASE ASH BETA-AMYRIN BETA-SITOSTEROL CALCIUM CARBOHYDRATES CASBENE CATALASE CHLOROGENIC-ACID CORILAGIN EDESTINE,ELLAGIC-ACID ENDOTRYPSIN FAT Leaf FERULIC-ACID FIBER Leaf FUCOSE GALLIC-ACID GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL Oil GLUTAMIC-ACIDGLYCOLIC-ACID HCN
    HYPEROSIDE INVERT-SUGAR INVERTASE ISOQUERCITRIN KAEMPFEROL KAEMPFEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE KAEMPFEROL-3-O-BETA-D-XYLOPYRANOSIDE KAEMPFEROL-3-O-BETA-RUTINOSIDE L-(+)-NORLEUCINE,LECITHIN LINOLEIC-ACID LIPASE MALTASE MANNOSE N-DEMETHYLRICININE, N-HEPTYLALDEHYDENEO-CHLOROGENIC-ACID NIACIN NUCLEOALBUMIN OLEIC-ACID OXIDASE P-COUMARIC-ACIDPALMITIC-ACID PEROXIDASE PHOSPHORUS PROTEIN QUERCETIN QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDEQUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-D-XYLOPYRANOSIDE QUERCETIN-3-O-BETA-RUTINOSIDE QUERCITRIN REDUCTASE RIBOFLAVIN RIBONUCLEASE RICIN RICININE RICINOLEIC-ACID RICINOLEIC-ACID-ESTERS RUTIN Leaf 2,000 ppm;

    SACCHAROSE Seed:

    SAPOGENIN-ACETATE Stem:

    SHIKIMIC-ACID Leaf:

    SQUALENE Seed:

    STIGMASTEROL Leaf:

    SUCCINIC-ACID Seed:

    SUGAR Seed 25,000 ppm;

    TOCOPHEROLS Seed 540 ppm;

    TRANS-DEHYDROMATRICARIA-ESTER Root:

    TRIDEC-1-EN-PENTA-3,5,7,9,11TRIRICINOLEIN URIC-ACID WATER ZYMOGEN

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  20. Carolyn Pacheco
    Pd. 5
    8/24/11
    Play – A behavior which occurs between two or more animals, as a form of entertainment and enjoyment.
    Aggressive – This behavior can become evident in animals during their mating season, where they become territorial and possessive of their mate against other beings.
    Courtship – behavior an animal undergoes to reproduce and continue its race. Courtship can be stimulated by chemical odors, auditory communication such as songs, and
    Communication – Animal behavior involving the transmission of, reception of, and response to signals from other organisms.
    Operant vs. classical conditioning.
    Operant conditioning (trial-and-error) is a type of associative learning in which an animal learns to associate one of its own behaviors with either a reward or a punishment and then repeats or avoids that behavior. While classical conditioning, is also a type of associative learning; where an arbitrary stimulus, like an odor, is associated with a reward or punishment to promote a desired action.
    In the case of Octopus vulgaris, how and why do they use water jets?
    This species uses water jets emitted from their arms to manipulate objects as a play-like, curious behavior.
    What are the implications of play behavior when you compare Octopus vulgaris with Octopus dofleini?
    The Octopus vulgaris species is very active, curious, and agile during their play behavior. In comparison, the Octopus dolfleini species is less active and only interactive with other objects when approached by them.
    Why do Australian redback spiders eat their mates?
    During the mating process of the Australian redback spider, the males insert their palps into the female’s sperm receptacles, and summersault causing their abdomen to dangle in front of the female’s mouth. Consequently the female eats their abdomens and eventually kills them completely.
    What kind of behavior defines this?
    The kind of behavior this event defines is a courtship and innate behavior.
    Do all taxa play?
    All taxa do not necessarily play since a taxa is a group of two or more organisms. The title of a taxa can be applied to any organism, which each have their own behavioral characteristics.
    What are the evolutionary implications of your claim?
    Because of evolution each species may adjust itself to its environment and therefore change any behavioral characteristics such as playing. If it is no longer necessary for the species to play, then it is through evolution that this trait may become extinct over time.

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