Tuesday, November 16, 2010

P2,P4,P7 - Genographic Project

Go to the genographic project atlas at https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/lan/en/atlas.html. Click on the 10,000 B.C. tab so that the migration routes of Y-chromosomes and mitochondrial DNA ancestors show up. Click on different routes that may reflect your ancestors migratory paths or if you found any resemblance with yourself or a family member. Record the haplogroups represented and the description of the traveling endeavors of that genetic marker. Write it in your comment to the blog by answering the following questions.
QUESTION 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time? (don’t copy-paste; give a succinct explanation of what you read)
QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup?
QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test? (you will need to search this site at “your genetic journey” at https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/lan/en/journey.html, and do a Google search such as “checking ancestry DNA”, to compare costs).
QUESTION 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests? (you will need to search the web for something like “checking disease DNA” and look at different companies)

35 comments:

  1. Maryann Rodriguez
    p.4
    HBIO honors
    Dr. Ochatt
    The haplogroups that best describe my ascendants are haplogroups C, D and Q3(M3). They're all mostly indians they came mostly from Asia and crossed the Bering Strait then went down to South America and settled there (some settled in North America too). Haplogroup Q3(M3) is about 10,000 or 15,000 years old; haplogroup C is about 50,000 years old; and haplogroud D is about 60,000 years old. To make sure I actually carry a marker for that haplogroup is by making a family tree and including where they where born, to see around what the journey toward Colombia was. In "your genetic journey" it costs $99.95, while another ancestry DNA testing costs $130. The cost of genetic predisposition tests depends on the company some do it for free others from $600 to $1,500, $12 or $85

    ReplyDelete
  2. Zack Schneider
    11-16-10
    Period 4

    Q1: Alaska ice Corridor; Little Salt Spring, Florida
    Q2: Alaska ice Corridor- Humans first crossed the Bering Strait on the land called Beringia. They entered Alaska. The Alaska ice corridor is just one of many theories of how Americans populated this Continent.
    Little Salt Spring, Florida- 12,000 years ago Florida was a much dryer place. Indeans would have been dependent on the vegetation. The water level was 90 feet lower during this period. Many artifacts have been revealed. The Paleo- Indians starved to death after the meat of the tortoise ran out. The rising water level buried the artifacts.
    Q3:The Alaska ice Corridor is 10 to 25,000 years old. Little Salt Spring, Florida is about 12,000 years old.
    Q4: I would make a family tree and ask my parents and my grandparents if i fit into that haplogroup.
    Q5: The participation Kit would cost $99.95.
    Q6: The cost of the test is $495.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Meredith Lee
    Pd.4
    11/16/10
    HBio

    1) Haplogroups R1B (M343) because the boy from Ireland looks like my cousin Mason and Haplogroup H because one of the women looks like my mom.

    2)Haplogroup R1B were the people who dominated europe and human expansion there and had the fisrt cave paintings. These people knew how to weave clothing and had tools made of steel and ivory. Haplogroup H retreated to warmer climates of the Iberian peninsula such as Italy because they were waiting out the cold in the north west. After the cold, they moved back to the west of europe and recolonized it. Today, this group claims 40 to 60 percent of the european gene pool.

    3)Haplogroup R1B appeared 35,000 years ago more or less. No one is certain when Haplogroup H came along. It's between 15,000 and 20,000 years ago.

    4)You have to make a family tree or do DNA testing.

    5)The test would cost $99.95 or $130.

    6) The cost of the genetic disposition test is free, $12, and $600- $1,500.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Umm. What should I do cause technically speaking I can't do this...

    ReplyDelete
  5. Jocelyne Perez
    Period 4
    Honors Bio

    1. Haplogroup Q3 (M3)
    2. In Haplogroup Q3(M3), its said that nearly all native south Americans and most native north Americans are descended from this line. This line had come from Asia. Its said that this ancestor was born after the Bering Strait. After 1,000 years, they reached the tip of South America. After going through hard times, they are finally able to adapt to it and find ways to find food and shelter. After a while, the income of immigrants increased as the number of ice mammals decreased.
    3. Haplogroup Q3 (M3) is 10,000 to 15,000 years old.
    4. You could make a family tree to keep track of generations.
    5. From $100 to $130
    6. Some genetics predisposition tests are free but others cost $12, $85, and other costs.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Kyra Reifenberg
    P.4

    The haplogroups that best represent my ancestors are, haplogroup I1a (M253), and haplogroup V. Haplogroup I1a (M253) moved to the Iberian Peninsula because of large sheets of ice from the ice age, after the sheets started to melt they moved out of the peninsula and all over Europe but they had a distinctive y chromosome I1a. Haplogroup V also retreated toward the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Balkans during the ice age after the ice age they moved to northern Europe and started the mitochondria DNA of V. Haplogroup V is about 15,000 years old, haplogroup I1a is about 15,000 to 20,000 years old. To make sure that you are actually part of that haplogroup you would need to get a DNA test. The average cost for this is about 90-100 dollars.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Amanda Zakka
    11.16.10
    Period 4

    1. Haplogroup M1
    2. The Haplogroup M1's distribution is along the Red Sea. Members of this group are largely absent among East Asian and Indian populations. Based on this prior to their exodus it is possible that haplogroup M individuals lived in East Africa prior to their exodus. M1 has split into four subgroups within eastern Africa.

    3. That haplogroup is about 60,000 years old.

    4. I would make sure that I actually carry a marker for that haplogroup by noticing where they were from and seeing if it is similar to me. Also by taking a DNA test, getting a swab from your cheek.

    5. The test will cost U.S. $99.95 (plus shipping and handling and tax)compared to $100-$400 per test.

    6. The costs of genetic predisposition tests are $495 and might be different depending on where you go.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Christina Soto
    Period 4


    QUESTION 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendance?
    R1 ( M173)

    QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?
    Although it began in Asia, this was line that first line of humans to reach Europe. With the weather changes they moved throughout Europe including Spain. Today, descendants of M173 are very high in Western Europe.

    QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup?
    30,000 years ago

    QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    Y Chromosome

    QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test?
    $149-$179 for either maternal or paternal tests
    $328-$358 for both
    (you will need to search this site at “your genetic journey” at https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/lan/en/journey.html, and do a Google search such as “checking ancestry DNA”, to compare costs).

    QUESTION 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests? (you will need to search the web for something like “checking disease DNA” and look at different companies)
    $2000 ( decodeme 1 877 222 6510)

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hi Camille, I haven't discussed this with your period. I just announced to period 4. Talk to you tomorrow about it! Cheers for being on top! Dr. CO

    ReplyDelete
  10. QUESTION 1: The main haplogroup that best describes my ascendance are K2 (M70).
    QUESTION 2: This haplogroup first appeared in Iran and spread into two directions. The first being into Northern Italy, and Northern Africa, right below Spain. This definitely clears up many things about my history and it makes so much sense to me.
    QUESTION 3: This haplogroup is about 30,000 years old.
    QUESTION 4: You can trace the Y chromosome over time since I have the Y chromosome.
    QUESTION 5: Prices for genealogy tests usually run between $99 to $250.
    QUESTION 6: Genetic Predisposition kits tend to be more expensive and run between $250 to $500.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Broderick Schwinghammer
    P7

    1. No pictures I found on the site, resembled me in the slightest so I went with haplogroups that were close to my ancestry: Germany & Ireland , R1B (M343) and I1A (M253).
    2. Haplogroup R1B (M343) traces the path a Y-Chromosome and passes through Spain, Ireland, Germany, and Poland. These people were Cro-Magnon and existed during the ice age.Haplogroup I1A (M253) traces through England, France, Germany, up to Scotland and Finland. These people sought to find warmth in the ice covered landscape and settled in the Iberian peninsula.
    3. Group R1B appeared around 35,000 years ago while Group I1A appeared around 15,000-20,000 years ago.
    4. To make sure I carried a marker for one or both of these groups, I’d need to take a genetic test.
    5. Many factors contribute to the cost of a gene test such as the size of the gene, number of genes etc… Some test can be free-$40 while others, mor sophisticated ones can be from, $800-$1000

    ReplyDelete
  12. Broderick Schwinghammer
    P7

    1. No pictures I found on the site, resembled me in the slightest so I went with haplogroups that were close to my ancestry: Germany & Ireland , R1B (M343) and I1A (M253).
    2. Haplogroup R1B (M343) traces the path a Y-Chromosome and passes through Spain, Ireland, Germany, and Poland. These people were Cro-Magnon and existed during the ice age.Haplogroup I1A (M253) traces through England, France, Germany, up to Scotland and Finland. These people sought to find warmth in the ice covered landscape and settled in the Iberian peninsula.
    3. Group R1B appeared around 35,000 years ago while Group I1A appeared around 15,000-20,000 years ago.
    4. To make sure I carried a marker for one or both of these groups, I’d need to take a genetic test.
    5. Many factors contribute to the cost of a gene test such as the size of the gene, number of genes etc… Some test can be free-$40 while others, mor sophisticated ones can be from, $800-$1000

    ReplyDelete
  13. QUESTION 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant? -- K(M9)
    QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time? --K: descendents are most likely in Iran or southwestern Asia. Live on small isolated islands like the Philippines (where I'm from), Indonesia, Malaysia and others in southeast Asia. Echo of migration from the Middle East into Southeast Asia. Some southern Indian and North Africa Berber have traces
    QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup? --40,000 years old
    QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?--read about that haplogroup and infer based on the information, ask grandparents about their migrations, get a DNA test, create a family tree that traces the place of birth and countries.
    QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test?--genographic kit $99.95 + s&h. Others are $100-$130.
    QUESTION 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests?-- east-dna.com $495, paternity test $79 gtldna.com, BRCA1/2 genetic testing $3000. :o

    ReplyDelete
  14. Camille Gladieux
    Period 7
    November 17,2010

    1.I believe that haplogroup D 1 or (M15) closely resembles my appearance because we have the same eyebrow structure, eyes, and nose structure.

    2.This Hapologroup first originated in Southeast Asia but their descendants moved towards the Northwestern part of Asia which is now known as Tibet. Tibet has the largest amount of Hapologroup D1 but many still thrive in Southeast Asia.

    3.This hapologroup first originated around 30,000 years ago.

    4.I would have to do DNA sampling to make sure that I am a part of the haplogroup.

    5.In your genetic journey the cost is $99.95 for a participation kit/ genetic test while some others can range between $30.00-$150.00

    6.The cost of the genetic disposition test ranges at many different prices some are as little as $12 and some that are around $1,500

    ReplyDelete
  15. Angelica Ruiz
    Pd. 7
    11/17/10
    H Bio

    1) Haplogroup R1B (M343)

    2) Around 30,000 years ago, a descendant of R1B made its way into Europe, and gave rise to marker M343. These Cro-Magnons were the artists of famous cave paintings found in southern France. These impressive paintings provide evidence that there was a sudden bloom of artistic skills as more people moved into Europe. These people also knew how to make woven clothing using natural plant fibers, and had advanced tools made of stone, bone, and ivory. Their jewelry, carvings, and detailed, vivid paintings demonstrates the Cro-Magnons' exceptional culture during the last glacial age.

    3) The haplogroup is about 30,000-35,000 years old.

    4) I would make sure that I actually carry a marker for that haplogroup by taking a DNA test and making a family tree.

    5) For a kit at "your genetic journey," it costs $99.95 (plus shipping, handling, and tax). At other places where they conduct DNA lab tests, it costs $100-$400 per test.

    6) Genetic predisposition tests cost from $265 to $499.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Jullian Ileto
    Period 7

    Q1: The Haplogroup that would mmost likely describe my ancestors is the K* Lineage or the M9 Haplogroup

    Q2: The Haplogroup started 40,000 years ago in Iran or a place near it and spread into southeast asia and areas close to it. The descendants of the lineage have picked up mutations from other haplogroups but there are some who still have the original lineage.

    Q3: 40,000 Years old.

    Q4: By taking a Genetic Geneology test

    Q5: At the very least it is about 90$ others are more expensive such as a Father Mother tracing which cost 300+

    Q6: On the internet I've found varying prices from 75$-500$

    ReplyDelete
  17. Benjamin Bax
    Period 7

    The haplogroup that best describes my mother would be group HV. This group is found in the Near East, Caucasus, and Ethiopian area. The lineage was carried across the mountains by cro-magnons. 75% of today's Europeans can trace their lineage to this group. This type first appeared 20,000 years ago. The Genographic Project provides a kit to find your genetic roots at a cost of $99.95, while other range from $150 to $120. The disease risk test can cost from $100 to $400.

    ReplyDelete
  18. CLAUDIA PERERA
    PERIOD 7
    11/17/10


    1. The haplogroup that best appears to describe my ascendance is haplogroup HV*. The Austrian woman in the first image appears to have the same facial structure as me and also has similarities with my sister’s and mother’s appearance.

    2. Haplogroup HV* is found in west Eurasia and the Near East, including parts of Russia and Georgia (the Republic). About 30,000 years ago the HV* crossed the Caucasus Mountains and crossed over to Europe as Cro-Magnons. Their quick advances in weaponry indicated the end of Neanderthals. However, the Earth began to cool and the HV* migrated into southern countries such as Italy. Today, they occupy most of western Europe. What made this haplogroup unique was that they carried mostly H and V mitochondrial lineage.

    3. The haplogroup HV* is about 20,000 years old.

    4. Since the haplogroup HV* mostly carries H and V mitochondrial lineage, a way to make sure I actually carry a marker for the haplogroup would be to have a Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Test. The mtDNA is passed down unchanged by mothers to their children. If a perfect match is found for someones mtDNA, there is a very high chance that the other test subject is an ancestor of the individual.

    5. Mitochondrial DNA tests can range in price from $79.99 to about $149.99 depending on the company.

    6. Genetic predisposition tests can range in price from $265.00 to $495.00 depending on the company.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Bryan Ibarra
    p7

    1. My haplogroups:
    - G2 (P15)
    - R
    2. Description of haplogroups:
    -G2 (P15): Originates from Middle East and migrated westward into western Eurasia.
    -R: Russian/ Middle Eastern. Gave rise to many haplogroups in Europe. Dominates 75% of Europe.
    3. Ages of haplogroups
    -G2 (P15): about 30,000 yrs.
    -R: To be determined. But is more than 30,000 yrs.
    4. How would I determine my haplogroup?
    - I would do a DNA test and find traces of DNA from other countries.
    5. DNA Test= about $100
    6. Genetic predisposition test= at least $499

    ReplyDelete
  20. Meredith Lee
    Pd 4
    11/17/10
    HBio

    Question 1: H and possibly N*

    Question 2: H ended up spreading throughout Europe, 40-60% of europians have the H mitochondrial DNA, which makes a possibility of me having the haplotype because of my Italian background on my mother's side. It was a mutation from HV*, which came from Pre HV, and as you track it backwards through time goes through R, N*, L3, L2, L1, and to the mitochondrial Eve in eastern Africa. N* is also a possibiliy as skeletons were found in Israel of hominids with this mitochondrial DNA, and I have a side of my family from Israel.

    Question 3: H - 15,000-10,000 years old.
    N* - As old as 60,000 years.

    Question 4: I could check my haplotype by testing my mitochondrial DNA.

    Question 5: Around $330 to find female ancestors.

    Question 6: Around $520 to check my genetic predisposition.

    ReplyDelete
  21. Jasmine Felix
    November 17, 2010
    HBIO-Per.7

    Question 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    YAP: Haplogroup E (M96)

    Question 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?
    One of the three distintive characteristics of the Y- chromosome tree; this branch occured around northeast Africa and is the most common branch. The YAP branch is characterized by Alu insertion a mutational event. A male living aroud the time of the group's existance aquired this fragment on his Y chromosome and passed it to desendants. This linage over time split into two groups; one M96 haplogroup E is found in Afica and the Mediterranean, and the other found in Asia is haplogroup D with a M174 mutation. I am of the firt group M96 located primarily in Sudan.

    Question 3: How old is that haplogroup?
    30,000 to 40,000 years old.

    Question 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    Have a test done to check on my ancestry DNA based on the chromosomes.

    Question 5: How much would it cost that test?
    An Genographic Project Public Participation Testing Kit cost $99.95.

    Question 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition test?
    A genetic predisposition test cost anywhere between $495 and $1,200.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Blas J. Minarro
    Period 4
    11/17/10

    QUESTION 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    R1B (M 343)

    QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time? (don’t copy-paste; give a succinct explanation of what you read)
    This haplogroup expanded into western Europe leaving cave paintings in south France. These people appreciated art. They created jewelry from shells, bones, and ivory, they created musical instruments and they also carved on stone. This haplogroup had advanced technology like tools made out of stone and ivory and they could wove clothing from natural fibers fo plants.

    QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup?
    About 35,000 years old

    QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    I would take a DNA test.

    QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test?
    It would cost $99.95 plus shipping & handling if you live in the US or Canada.

    QUESTION 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests?
    From $265.00 to $495.00 depending on the company. For example, from the Genetic Testing Laboratories, Inc it would be $265.00 and from easyDNA it would be $495.00 .

    ReplyDelete
  23. Katherine Glickman
    Period 2

    1.Haplogroup H, K and U.

    2.Haplogroup H was located around Europe and the Caucasas mountains. My grandmother from my mother's side was born around in that area. Haplogroup K is around the Caucasas mountains, but around Russia as well. My great aunt during the holocaust was born in Russia nearest to the Black Sea. Haplogroup U was where my great grandmother was raised for farming and animal raising. It revolved again around the Caucasas mountains, but she later moved on to South America.

    3.Haplogroup H is 15,000-20,000 years old. Haplogroup K is 50,000 years ago. Haplogroup U is 50,000 years old.

    4. I could check my ancestry background with government papers or DNA genetic tests.

    5. At the site from National Geographic, the genetic test kit would probably cost around $99.95. On google, i found tests ranging from $100-$400.

    6. The cost of genetic predisposition tests (depending on company and what you are finding out) could range from $495-$595.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Nickolas Gurruchaga Period 7November 18, 2010 at 2:36 PM

    1. I didnt really find any that looked like but my grandfather looks like the one of the old men in Haplogroup R1B (M343)

    2. This Haplogrooup goes as far back as 35,000 years ago. this group started in russia and then branched out to France, Spain, England, and Italy. a man living in the clan acquired this fragment on his y chromosone at around 30,000 years ago. the people in this group dominated the human expansion into europe and were the cromagnon.

    3. 35,000 to 30,000 years old

    4. To make sure that i actually carry a marker for this haplogroup, i would just follow my Y chromosone through a a genetic geneaology test.

    5. A Genographic Project Public Participation Testing Kit costs $99.95.

    6. The cost of the genetic disposition test ranges from as little as $12 to some that are around $1,500. one can even cost $3,000

    ReplyDelete
  25. Luis Peñas
    Period 7

    Q1: Haplogroup R1 (M173)

    Q2: Haplogroup R1 (M173) was originaly in central Asia about 30,000 years ago, and was one of the first groups to migrate to Europe nd spread all over countries in the west such as Germany, British isles, and France, and some in the east like Korea and South Japan. 20,000 years ago the climate had changed and became warmer, R1 (m173) moved north to colonize. Today it can be found in Western Europe and mostly in the British Isles.

    Q3: 30,000 years ago.

    Q4: Chromosome test or a DNA test that might match me up with the haplogroup.

    Q5: These test can range from $60-$200

    Q6: Predispositio test can range from $510-$1,000+

    ReplyDelete
  26. My best describing haplogs are Q3 and H.M3 was born in the Americas 10,000 to 15,000 years ago.The Siberian clan are found in both Asia and America.These ancestors can only be found in the Americas.That's why the geneticists think that these ancestors were born in the Bering Strait land Bridge.They reached to the tip of south America in about 1,000years.My other haplog that best decribes my part of my ascendency is the haplog H.They expand when the icesheets and the extreme cold temperatuer from the north had gotten less.They moved toward the north and spread carrying the mitochondrial lineage of haplo group H.It about 10,000 to 15000 years old.I would take a DNA test of my ascendents.It will be more precise with statatics of my mitchondrial lineage haplogs instead of a family tree.The dna test would go more farther.At the "your genetic journey"by buying the skit of finding your genetic lineage is 99.95 plus shipping and handling.Other tests of ancestry are about 130$ to 179$.The cost of the Genetic Predisposition DNA health and disease on Easy DNA is 299$In the GTL INC. is 265$ for a predisposition kit plus shipping and handling.I think The company Easy DNA is better because they explain that they would give you more details and statitics on the diseases that i might have.

    ReplyDelete
  27. Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant:
    Honestly, it was kind of hard finding a haplogroup that looks like me or resembles my genetic background, but I think that the haplogroup I1A (M253) resembles me the most.

    QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time:
    At first, this haplogroup was practically isolated from other civilizations thanks to the last ice age, until they finally migrated to the Iberian Penninsula in which they could survive. As ice began to melt around the peninsula, the group started populating around other parts of Europe. Today, there is is still a dense population of the marker located in Europe.


    QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup?

    15,00-20,000 years old

    QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?

    I'm assuming you'd have to do a genetic test to see if I had the Y-chromosome.

    QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test?

    The participation kit costs about $100.

    Question 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition test?
    It can cost anywhere between $100 to $2000 :0

    ReplyDelete
  28. Julieta Sabao
    HBIO-Period:7

    Question 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    -Haplogroup J.

    Question 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?
    -Haplogroup J covers a large area, spreading from the Indus Valley to the Arabian Peninsula. These people were one of the first agricultralists in the Fertile Crescent, this new time period where plants and seed where domesticated was known as the Neolithic Era.

    Question 3: How old is that haplogroup?
    -About 10,000 years old.

    Question 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    -By submitting a DNA sample and seeing if I am part of that haplogroup.

    Question 5: How much would it cost that test?
    -The Participation Kit costs $99.95 or other tests can cost $130.00.

    Question 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition test?
    -Although some tests are offered free of charge, others range in the prices of $85.00 to $1,500.00

    ReplyDelete
  29. Olivia Azadikhah
    H Bio
    P2
    Q1: The haplogroup that best describe my ascendant is K (M9).
    Q2: It was someone who would have been born in or around Iran; they were a new branch form the Middle Eastern Clan. For the next 30,000 years they populated the planet, these people were known as the Eurasian Clan. The hunters would follow animals that were going east, but they had to stop at the Hindu Kush, Tian Shan, and the Himalayan mountain ranges. The hunters split into two different groups, some went to Asia, and some went to what would now be Pakistan. Most of the people in the Northern Hemisphere can trace their heritage back to the Eurasian Clan.
    Q3: The appeared 40,000 years ago
    Q4: By researching and putting together a family tree or you can be tested
    Q5: It would cost $99.95 for a test
    Q6: The cost of the predisposition test depends on where you get it, but some prices are $79 $213 $299 $495.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Summer Ricardo
    November 22 2010
    Period 2

    QUESTION 1: Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    M343, V, and Z.
    QUESTION 2: Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time? (don’t copy-paste; give a succinct explanation of what you read)
    M343 type is Y-chromosome and it is the cro-magnon of europe. These people dominated the expansion in Europe. V type is mtDNA and it was colder about 15,000 to 20,000 years ago. V is seen to be restricted in western, central, and northern europe. V attains its highest frequnecy in the Skolt Saami. Z rose in the high plains of central asia and are quite unsucessful among the mountains.
    QUESTION 3: How old is that haplogroup?
    M343 is 35,000 year old. Z is undetermined. P15 is about 30,000 year old.
    QUESTION 4: How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    Have test done on your DNA to see if it matches theirs.
    QUESTION 5: How much would it cost that test? (you will need to search this site at “your genetic journey” at https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/lan/en/journey.html, and do a Google search such as “checking ancestry DNA”, to compare costs).
    QUESTION 6: What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests? (you will need to search the web for something like “checking disease DNA” and look at different companies)
    $330 to fin female ancestors and 99.95 for a project public participation kit.

    ReplyDelete
  31. Aliya Habib
    P2
    11/22/10

    1-Well Haplogroup M20 describes preety much the area / region my ancestors came from.
    2- These people came from europe and migrated south once they reached mountains they could not pass. They werent the first clan there so thier chromosomes are weak because it is believed they mated with the native women so its hard to track but at least 50% of the people that live there has M20 in thier chromosomes.
    3- M20 is said to appeared 30,000 years ago.
    4- To be positive a person is a part of this haplogroup theyre test you can take. That cost money. They can tell you were exactly you're from and your chromosomes so they can compare to thier archive.
    5- The Genographic Public Participation test is 99.95.
    6- The Predispotion Testing is a test to see what diseases you might have and that could cost you $265 per person and it increases based on how many people are getting tested.

    ReplyDelete
  32. Dominick Mulder
    Period 2
    November 23, 2010
    HBio

    1) Haplogroup I1A (M253)

    2) These ancestors were attempting to get away from the large amounts of ice from the previous Ice Age and found the Iberian Peninsula, which had no ice. As the ice melted, the ancestors left the peninsula and began to spread out to other parts of Europe, where they couldn't live previously due to the ice. As they spread out, thy carried with them the unique marker known as haplogroup I1A. Presently, this haplogroup is commonly found in northwest Europe.

    3) The haplogroup is approximately 15,000 to 20,000 years old.

    4) To make sure that I actually carry a marker for that haplogroup, I would get a DNA sample from my cheek.

    5) It would cost $99.95 to get the testing kit.

    6) The genetic predisposition test could cost $265, $499, or many other costs, depending on the company.

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  33. Gabriella Elmir
    Period#2
    Hnrs.Biology
    Dr. Ochatt
    Q#1 (Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?)
    - Haplogroup N* best describes my ascendents.
    Q#2 (Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?)
    - The haplogroup are of Mediterranean descent. They are distributed along the Arabin Peninsula, north eastern Africa and western Asia.
    Q#3 (How old is that haplogroup?)
    - About 60,000 years old
    Q#4 (How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?)
    - By testing my mitochondrial DNA to check my haplotype.
    Q#5 (How much would it cost that test?)
    - This testing would cost about $99.95 to have done.
    Q#6 (What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests?)
    - The cost of genetic predisposition tests would be around $500.00

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  34. Alexa Gonzalez
    11/28/10
    Period 2
    Honors Biology

    1. Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    Haplogroup K best describes my ascendats.
    2. Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?
    The haplogroup descended from a woman in the R branch of the tree. The very old age of these subgroups led to the wide distribution; today they harbor specific European, northern African, and Indian components, and are found in Arabia.
    3. How old is that haplogroup?
    About 50,000 years old.
    4. How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    I would have to test my mitochondrial DNA to test if I am part of that haplogroup.
    5. How much would it cost that test?
    The test would cost $99.95.
    6. What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests?
    The cost of genetic predisposition tests could be around $400 to $500 depending on the test.

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  35. KENZO RAMOS
    P.2
    1. Which haplogroup(s) best describes your ascendant?
    Haplogroup H best describes my ascendants.
    2. Describe the haplogroup and its distribution along time?
    Haplogroup H originated by the polar ice caps and migrated down to the iberian penninsula to wait out the cold. Today they consist for most of the european population and account for some of southeast asia. This haplogroup is very diverse.
    3. How old is that haplogroup?
    This haplogroup is believed to be 30,000 years old in southeast and central asia and between 10,000-15,000 in europe.
    4. How would you make sure that you actually carry a marker for that haplogroup?
    I would test my DNA and trace back my y chromosome.
    5. How much would it cost that test?
    A Genographic Project Public Participation Testing Kit costs $99.95.
    6. What is the cost of genetic predisposition tests?
    Anywhere between $299 and up.

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